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(410) 764-7044
6506 Reisterstown Road, Baltimore
1205 York Road, Lutherville
6305 Belair Road, Baltimore
7809 Wise Avenue, Dundalk

Same day emergency appointments

Bunion Formation

Tuesday, 06 February 2024 00:00

Bunions are bony protrusions at the base of the big toe, and manifest gradually due to a combination of genetic predisposition and external factors. Inherited structural foot issues, such as flat feet or low arches, contribute to the vulnerability of developing bunions. The gradual shifting of the metatarsophalangeal joint creates misalignment, causing the big toe to lean towards the other toes. Wearing ill-fitting footwear, particularly shoes with narrow toe boxes, exacerbates this condition by squeezing the toes together. High heels further elevate the risk, tilting the body weight forward and putting added pressure on the joint. Over time, these repeated stresses lead to the development of bony growths. Additionally, inflammatory conditions such as arthritis can accelerate bunion formation. Many bunions are unsightly and uncomfortable. If you have developed a bunion, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can determine what the best treatment method is for you, which may include surgery for permanent removal.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Plaza Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Baltimore, Lutherville, and Dundalk, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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