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Causes and Risk Factors of Cracked Heels

Tuesday, 13 February 2024 00:00

Cracked heels, medically known as heel fissures, occur when the skin around the heel becomes dry, thickened, and eventually splits. This common foot condition can cause discomfort, pain, and even bleeding in severe cases. Several factors contribute to cracked heels, including prolonged standing, walking barefoot, wearing open-back shoes, and dry weather conditions. Individuals with naturally dry skin or certain medical conditions such as diabetes or thyroid disorders are at a higher risk of developing cracked heels. Additionally, factors like obesity, dehydration, and poor foot hygiene can exacerbate the problem. The lack of moisture and exfoliation leads to the build-up of dead skin, creating pressure on the heels and increasing the likelihood of cracking. Prevention is important, and this can be achieved by maintaining proper foot hygiene, moisturizing regularly, wearing appropriate footwear, and avoiding prolonged standing. If you have developed cracked heels, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can prescribe the necessary treatment for relief.

Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists from Plaza Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How Do You Get Them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.

Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin. 

Change in Diet

Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.

Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Baltimore, Lutherville, and Dundalk, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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