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July 2022

The medical term for the part of the foot that is known as the Achilles tendon is referred to as the calcaneal tendon. It is located in the back of the calf, and connects the heel to the calf muscles. It is considered to be the largest tendon in the body, and is responsible for pointing and flexing the foot. A foot mishap may result in an Achilles tendon injury, and this often causes severe pain and discomfort. This tendon could partially tear, and in the worse case scenario, may completely rupture. It can happen to people who enjoy the sport of running, and increasing the mileage and speed too soon may result in this type of injury. It is common among men who choose to participate in certain sporting activities during time off from work, and their bodies may not be used to twisting and turning, and the Achilles tendon may become injured. The symptoms that are generally associated with this condition include swelling, the inability to stand, and there may be a popping noise at the time of the injury. For a ruptured Achilles tendon, surgery may be necessary to repair the foot so daily activities can resume. If you have injured your Achilles tendon, please consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the best treatment options for you.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Plaza Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Baltimore, Lutherville, and Dundalk, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What are Achilles Tendon Injuries
Tuesday, 19 July 2022 00:00

Major Causes of Running Injuries

Injuries to runners are common and to be expected. It is thought that there are four main causes of injuries to runners: repetitive stress and muscle imbalance, poor running technique, poor foot strength and function, and overdoing the training. First, to help prevent muscle imbalance, experts recommend running even a third of the time on varied terrain, rather than on a treadmill, track, or other flat surface. This allows the stabilizing muscles to get involved and become stronger. Second, in terms of form, many runners over stride with a high impact technique. In addition, their shoes often have elevated heels. Instead, it is believed that forward momentum posture, keeping the arms tight to the body, landing with a bent knee, and taking more steps per minute can reduce injury. Third, proper footwear both on and off the trail is important, as is exercising the feet to build up strength. Running shoes without an elevated heel can be safer. At home, shoes that are flat, flexible, and roomy are recommended. Finally, plan ahead for a long run and train over a period of weeks, rather than pushing yourself too hard, too fast. If you frequently experience running injuries, please see a podiatrist on a regular basis for guidance on ways to run more safely.


 

All runners should take extra precaution when trying to avoid injury. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists of Plaza Podiatry. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

There are a lot of mistakes a runner can make prior to a workout that can induce injury. A lot of athletes tend to overstretch before running, instead of saving those workouts for a post-run routine. Deep lunges and hand-to-toe hamstring pulls should be performed after a workout instead of during a warmup. Another common mistake is jumping into an intense routine before your body is physically prepared for it. You should try to ease your way into long-distance running instead of forcing yourself to rush into it.

More Tips for Preventing Injury

  • Incorporate Strength Training into Workouts - This will help improve the body’s overall athleticism
  • Improve and Maintain Your Flexibility – Stretching everyday will help improve overall performance
  • “Warm Up” Before Running and “Cool Down” Afterward – A warm up of 5-10 minutes helps get rid of lactic acid in the muscles and prevents delayed muscle soreness
  • Cross-Training is Crucial
  • Wear Proper Running Shoes
  • Have a Formal Gait Analysis – Poor biomechanics can easily cause injury

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Baltimore, Lutherville, and Dundalk, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Suffering from this type of pain? You may have the foot condition known as Morton's neuroma. Morton's neuroma may develop as a result of ill-fitting footwear and existing foot deformities. We can help.

Tuesday, 12 July 2022 00:00

How Do Stress Fractures Occur?

A stress fracture is a hairline fracture in the foot. It develops gradually and results from overuse. It is common among people who participate in jumping and running activities, and it can cause pain and discomfort. A stress fracture occurs when the muscles are not able to handle the impact of running and this can cause the bone to absorb pressure and break. Runners may experience this condition from increasing their mileage and speed too quickly. Time is often taken off from the chosen activity so proper healing can take place. Additionally, it is important to warm up and cool down before beginning any exercise routine and this may help prevent stress fractures. Mild relief can be found when the affected foot is frequently elevated and many people wear a protective boot or cast. If you have endured a stress fracture, it is strongly advised that you consult with a podiatrist who can treat this condition and possibly fit you with custom-made orthotics which may accelerate the healing process.

Stress fractures occur when there is a tiny crack within a bone. To learn more, contact one of our podiatrists from Plaza Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain free and on your feet.

How Are They Caused?

Stress fractures are the result of repetitive force being placed on the bone. Since the lower leg and feet often carry most of the body’s weight, stress fractures are likely to occur in these areas. If you rush into a new exercise, you are more likely to develop a stress fracture since you are starting too much, too soon.  Pain resulting from stress fractures may go unnoticed at first, however it may start to worsen over time.

Risk Factors

  • Gender – They are more commonly found in women compared to men.
  • Foot Problems – People with unusual arches in their feet are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Certain Sports – Dancers, gymnasts, tennis players, runners, and basketball players are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Lack of Nutrients – A lack of vitamin D and calcium may weaken the bones and make you more prone to stress fractures
  • Weak Bones – Osteoporosis can weaken the bones therefore resulting in stress fractures

Stress fractures do not always heal properly, so it is important that you seek help from a podiatrist if you suspect you may have one. Ignoring your stress fracture may cause it to worsen, and you may develop chronic pain as well as additional fractures.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Baltimore, Lutherville, and Dundalk, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

The importance of taking care of babies' feet is crucial to having a strong foundation. Proper foot care started at an early age may help to ensure healthy feet. This can begin by refraining from having children wear shoes while indoors. The toes will grip the floor and this is beneficial in strengthening the overall foot. When the time comes to walk outside, shoes that are lightweight and flexible may be best and can act as protective skin. When a baby starts to walk the foot structure is beginning to develop. Flat feet that most babies are born with may start to diminish and the arch may be seen. The arch will continue to develop through the teenage years. As the baby grows, a sturdier shoe with some flexibility may be desired that can accommodate running and daily wear and tear. When purchasing shoes for your child it is suggested that their feet are properly measured and this is generally done every three months up to the age of three years. If you would like more information about babies' feet and how to properly care for them, please confer with a podiatrist.

Making sure that your children maintain good foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact one of our podiatrists of Plaza Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet during childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care. Here are some things to consider...

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet.

Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable.

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’. 

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet.

Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus.

Be watchful for any pain or injury.

Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible.

Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Baltimore, Lutherville, and Dundalk, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What to Do to Keep Your Child’s Feet Healthy
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